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Compared to other types of material for flooring and covering, tiles in porcelain stoneware are able to guarantee greater resistance to environmental stresses and those due to daily use. They are resistant to abrasion, to atmospheric agents, to chemical substances, to stains and also to fire.
Marca Corona offers a vast choice of effects, colours, formats and finishes to meet all aesthetic and design requirements: regardless of the chosen surface, every slab maintains its beauty over time and is extremely easy to clean.
Discover all the advantages of porcelain stoneware in this brief tutorial video.
To meet the demands of outdoor projects, Marca Corona recommends using porcelain stoneware tiles, a frost-proof material, resistant to atmospheric agents and treading. Specifically, the surfaces with a structured grip finish guarantee an excellent anti-slip quality and are therefore the most suitable for installation in external areas.
Marca Corona also offers HiThick, the Line of 20mm tiles dedicated to exteriors: the HiThick collections are able to combine the superior resistance of thickened stoneware with an unmistakable Made in Italy style. Discover in this brief tutorial video how to choose the most appropriate tiles for your external project.
Discover in this brief tutorial video how to choose the most appropriate tiles for your external project.
Porcelain stoneware, in its various surface finishes, is composed of a mixture of clays, sand and other non-metallic natural substances, of various dimensions and colours. Stoneware is a “vitrified” material with superior technical characteristics and with a very low rate of absorption. The firing process at extremely high temperatures (1000 – 1300 °C) transforms the prestigious raw materials into tiles resistant to frost, to acid attacks and to mechanical stresses; they are impermeable, hygienic and characterized by refined aesthetics. The adjective "porcelain" derives from the use of a white clay that is also used for the production of porcelain.
Full-body coloured stoneware refers to tiles that have the same configuration of material and colour on the surface and in the internal sections. The firing of the product is aimed at reaching the state of vitrification with which the tile acquires a level of water absorption which is less than 0.5% (absorption near to zero and ensuring resistance to frost). Thanks to their compactness and homogeneity, these products are also suitable for use in environments subject to intense stresses.
Glazed porcelain stoneware refers to vitrified ceramic surfaces (water absorption less than 0.5%) with internal composition of a neutral colour: the subsequent application of a surface layer of glazing makes it possible to obtain very effective and varied graphic designs. Resistant to stains, chemical attacks and very easy to clean, floorings in glazed porcelain stoneware can be used both for installations in internal and external environments (once the right anti-slip coefficient has been identified).
Ceramics in monoporous white paste are composed of a mix of raw materials of extremely high quality and purity: the white colour of the paste obtained makes it possible to highlight the brilliance and transparency of the colours applied in the surfaces, obtaining perfect colour uniformity. Used for internal coverings, the collections in monoporous white paste combine impeccable aesthetic qualities with hygienic practicality and the characteristic of being very pleasant to the touch.
At the production stage, the surface of the ceramic tiles can be subjected to various treatments and processes that can result in variations to roughness, shine and anti-slip properties.
There are 5 main surface finishes:
• Natural, the most widely used. In this case, the tile is not subjected to any processes after the firing stage. Regardless of the appearance, more or less smooth and more or less opaque, these surfaces are suitable for any kind of setting, and are especially popular for kitchen and bathroom walls.
• Textured. The surface of these tiles is generally rougher, giving them better anti-slip properties and making them more suitable for use outdoors.
• Semi-polished, semi-glossy or lapped. In these cases, the surface is subjected to a mechanical process that makes it smoother and more glossy, thus enhancing the appearance of the material and making it ideal for residential interior design projects. The glossy surface effect, deliberately moderate and uneven, offers a more faithful reproduction of the experience of natural polished stones.
• Polished or glossy: surface obtained by passing an abrasive millstone over the surface to polish it and obtain a “mirror effect”.
• scratch or bush-hammered: very rough surface, with a rustic, uneven appearance, for use mainly in outdoor areas subject to high levels of stress, such as terraces, porticoes and courtyards. Obtained with mechanical processes that are used to obtain the aesthetic effects typical of work carried out with chisels or metal tips.
Marca Corona’s tiles in porcelain stoneware have characteristics of resistance, durability and aesthetic stability superior to those of many alternative materials. Constant technological development and production experience lead to a wide and versatile range of products, suitable for any type of environment and use.
To calculate the quantity of tiles to buy, it’s necessary to know the extension of the surface to be covered, the dimension of the tiles that you wish to install and the installation design to be adopted. In all events, it’s necessary to allow for a certain additional percentage in order to take account of any scraps created by cuts and holes in some tiles, and it’s always a good idea to buy a few extra boxes to be used in the future, in the event repairs of systems makes it necessary to remove or replace the ceramic materials.
Marca Corona recommends ordering immediately a quantity greater by 10-15% compared to the extension of the surface to be tiled. This quantity should be measured carefully when making the first order because, in the event of a subsequent order, the product available may no longer be perfectly identical to that initially used.
The installer, being a professional operator that carries out the installation of the material and is the one who sees and “handles” the tiles, must report to the customer and to the designer the presence of any evident defects and follow the established installation project. The final customer should always examine at least a representative sample of the tiles, laid dry, and approve the installation design. Before beginning the installation, it’s a good idea to make sure that the laying surface is sufficiently regular, flat and clean.
Since a variation of tonalities is a characteristic specific to numerous ceramic products, it is recommended to take out tiles from different boxes to obtain a more even and pleasant colour effect.
For further information download the technical manual “Tile Installation, Cleaning and Maintenance”.
Marca Corona’s floorings and coverings are available in different aesthetic effects, finishes, formats and colours, to allow for maximum design creativity and freedom. In general, it is advisable to install ceramic surfaces with a space between the tiles (joints) of at least 2mm on single formats and 2-3mm on multi-formats; external pavings strictly require, instead, an open joint installation with a space of at least 3mm. For rectangular formats the most common installation is a “running” pattern, with tiles staggered at a maximum of 1/3. Once again, it is recommended to take out the tiles from different boxes to obtain a more even appearance.
The tutorial video below shows the procedures and tools necessary for the installation of ceramic surfaces. It should also be noted that the installer is obliged to report during installation any imperfections or differences in height in the surface to be paved.
The use of an appropriate adhesive is fundamentally important for the installation. It is therefore advisable to follow the indications of the best producers of adhesives for the installation of ceramic tiles. In general, the most appropriate adhesive is identified considering the characteristics of the support, the type and format of the tiles, the intended use of the surface (flooring/covering - internal/external), the climatic conditions during installation and the time available for making the surface ready for use. Find the most appropriate for your project, consulting the dedicated PDF.
For installation in internal commercial environments or external environments, it’s essential to apply the adhesive with the “double-spreading” system to ensure the absence of gaps between the tiles and the support.
To choose the most suitable filler, it’s necessary to consider primarily the intended use of the ceramic covering and follow the indications of the best producers.
European standard EN 13888 recommends the following uses:
In general, Marca Corona recommends butt-joining installation and suggests a minimum joint space of 2-3mm: in all events, the choice of the exact width of the joints depends on the format of the tiles, the finish of the border (rectified/unrectified), the type of support, the intended use of the material, the presence of legislative installation provisions and, obviously, aesthetic preferences.
With regards to the colour of the joints, to obtain maximum elegance and aesthetic homogeneity, it’s preferable to use a tone-on-tone filler, aligning the colour with the tile. With graphic compositions and multicolour surfaces, it is recommended to choose intermediate tones compared to those present on the surface to be filled. In more modern and trendy designs, the joint can, instead be transformed from simple technical element to an actual decorative element, thanks to the choice of contrasting fillers.
Marca Corona’s staff is available to give you advice on the most appropriate filler and colour codes to be matched to the chosen collections.
Marca Corona offers a vast range of surfaces, formats, colours and decorations to allow for the creation of unique designs, in line with the latest design trends and different personal tastes. To support private customers and architects in the choice of the best combinations, the line catalogues propose environments with different material and colour combinations, and summarize the installation patterns possible.
Marca Corona recommends consulting these installation suggestions, particularly useful when the choice refers to collections from the 1741 Line: with their particular formats, the original patterns and refined colours, the series in small formats offers, in fact, maximum decorative scope, design versatility and customization possibilities.
Visit the page of your chosen collection to discover all the possible combinations, from the most modern and eccentric to the most classic and elegant.
The tiling must be approved by the final customer in the presence of the installer and the site manager through a visual examination with the naked eye from a distance of 1 meter. An “effect” detectable only with oblique light and only from a close distance may not be considered as a “defect”.
Cleaning at the end of the work, once installation has been completed and after the necessary drying time for the filler, is a fundamental phase for the final aesthetic result and to facilitate the subsequent surface maintenance activities. Washing after installation aims, in fact, at eliminating all the residues of filler and normal building site dirt such as mortar, glue, paint etc. Depending on the type of filler used, whether cement or epoxy, it is necessary to use a different type of detergent, following, in all cases, the use and dilution instructions indicated on the producer’s package. In case of ceramics with metallic profiles, it’s best to closely follow the specific indications set out in the PDF manual below.
The poor or late removal of residual filler can leave marks on the flooring which are difficult to remove and create a cement film that absorbs every type of dirt: despite careful daily cleaning, the surfaces will always seem dirty!
Watch the two tutorial videos to discover the products and processes necessary for correct cleaning at the end of the work, in the presence of cement or epoxy fillers.
Ceramic surfaces have absorption coefficients which are near to zero; they are resistant to scratches and to stains and chemical substances. They are therefore extremely practical to clean and easy to care for and maintain over time. In all events, for the ordinary and extraordinary cleaning of stoneware floors and coverings in white paste, it’s advisable to follow a number of simple procedures, all clearly explained in our Installation, Cleaning and Maintenance Manual.
For daily cleaning, it is recommended to use a sponge or mop and a neutral detergent, without wax, polishing or brightening additives, which could create unwanted patinas on the floor which absorb dust and dirt. Marca Corona recommends following the use and dilution instructions indicated on the chosen detergent packaging and remembering never to use abrasive instruments, oils, impregnating or hydrofluoric acid substances, since they could alter or damage the surfaces, especially if lapped or polished. To avoid the formation of stains on the tiles, it is recommended to rinse the floor well after washing. If there are metal profiles on the surface, for their cleaning it’s advisable to follow the procedures indicated in the Metal Profile Manual.
For extraordinary cleaning, if there are particular or difficult stains to remove, use, instead, specific detergents, in any case easily found: consult the Marca Corona Cleaning manual to find out which is the most suitable product for every type of stain.
The videos below illustrate detergents and procedures necessary for cleaning Marca Corona ceramics, depending on the chosen surface finish.
WARNING: End-of-work cleaning, to be carried out immediately after installation, is essential to guarantee the beauty and duration of ceramic surfaces. The operator engaged for subsequent maintenance and cleaning operations must always carry out a preliminary empirical assessment (possibly on a portion of non-installed material) for every single type of intervention. Ceramiche Marca Corona declines any liability with regards to cleaning and maintenance operations in the event of erroneous installation or cleaning carried out in an inappropriate manner. It should be understood that Ceramiche Marca Corona cannot be held liable for events, damages or defects due to erroneous installation, negligent cleaning and maintenance, or inappropriate choice of the type of materials installed with respect to intended use. The suggestions illustrated above are the result of research, laboratory testing and experience gained over many years. The “cleanability” characteristics of the materials, however, vary significantly according to the different methods of installation, the conditions of use, and the types of surfaces and environments. Generally speaking, the difficulty of cleaning tends to increase as the anti-slip characteristics of the tiles increase.
Everyday life can put a heavy strain on us and the environments we live in, but don’t worry: any stain can be easily removed from ceramic surfaces; you just need to use the right detergent!
There are, in fact, various types of dirt, and each one needs to be treated with the right product and with the right tool: this tutorial explains how to make your floor look new again.
Absolutely! Many people think (wrongly) that a surface which is rough to the touch captures more dirt and dust, and is therefore impossible to clean.
In actual fact, it’s wrong to worry about the roughness of surfaces, since all Marca Corona ceramics, even the roughest ones or with a structured finish, do not absorb, are resistant to stains and are extremely easy to clean, as this video shows.
We believe in the possibility of doing business while respecting ethical values, the environment and people. We’ve therefore always been committed to reducing the environmental impact of our production processes – already complying with the ISO 9001 standard – and to offering products which are safe for people and for the planet. Marca Corona is an ordinary member of the U.S. GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL and all its collections are produced entirely in Italy. Our ceramic products conform to the international Leed V4 system and have all the most important certifications, such as EPD, PEF, HPD.
Sustainable growth also means safeguarding the most important resource: human capital. OHSAS 18001 certification demonstrates our attention towards the protection and wellbeing of our employees. For more information on our Green Mission and the product certifications obtained, reference should be made to the dedicated section.
Marca Corona’s registered office is in Sassuolo (Italy), but it is able to serve over 150 countries throughout the world through its sales network and its business partnership with local dealers, who will be able to identify the product, the service and the prices most appropriate to your needs. We don’t sell directly to private consumers, and therefore our tiles can only be purchased from our authorized Dealers: please contact us to find the dealer nearest to you.